Meningitis, demyelinating diseases of the nervous system, leading to destruction of the myelin sheath of neurons. Treatment at home prohibited. It is important to promptly identify symptoms and get immediate medical help. The complexity of the diagnosis – the identity signs of illness with the flu. Common form of the disease – bacterial meningitis. He does not destroy the body, but weakens it. Upon detection of the following symptoms, seek medical attention.
What are meningeal signs and symptoms
The disease occurs in two forms: viral and bacterial. Depending on the type of patients manifest characteristic symptoms. The main meningeal symptoms in adults:
- severe weakness in the child and adult;
- raising the temperature to 39 degrees;
- aching, especially in the lumbar region;
- the rhythm of breath, heart palpitations;
- there may be blood clots.
Meningeal symptoms in children the following:
- severe headache radiating to the neck, the back;
- vomiting on the background of the unbearable pain of the head;
- increased sensitivity to touch;
- cramps, hyperesthesia;
- a posture setter – meningeal symptom of severe form of the disease.
All of these symptoms doctors combine one syndrome. The combination of signs of disease in each individual patient. The main and often manifested by irritation of the meninges are considered neck stiffness, Kernig’s sign. The incubation period of the disease is 2-10 days. The disease is accompanied by concomitant signals that often lead to the misconception of doctors. The diagnosis is carried out during hospitalization. The tonic treatment includes measures aimed at strengthening the body.
In the sample Romberg
A simple diagnostic test – Romberg test – detects malfunction of the organ systems that are involved maintaining balance. These include: the vestibular system, the system of proprioreceptive (deep sensitivity), cerebral cortex function of the brain. Holding: the patient is standing straight, sliding his feet, with his eyes closed pulls the hands forward. Rocking, yaw right or left, etc. indicate damage to the cerebellum, neurologic abnormalities.
One of the important signs of violation of the meninges membrane – Kernig’s sign. Named after a Russian physician kerniga V. M. Method: the patient lying on back, bend leg joints at 90 degrees. Then the doctor attempts to straighten the leg. In meningitis it can be done. Analysis of the positive equal degree on both sides of the vote. Occurs in the early stages of meningitis.
The Babinski reflex dyssynergia and
Dyssynergia Babinski is performed as follows: the patient lying on their back, cross their arms and invited to sit. On the affected side, the patient raises the lower limb. Another interpretation: if you push back or fall sick when the damage to the cerebellum falls ago. Flexion of the knee to maintain balance is missing. Dyssynergia – indicates the difficulties of combined movements. Occurs at the initial stage of development of meningitis and other diseases.
The combination of symptoms produced due to brain lesion – symptom Brudzinskogo. Occurs in several diseases. Distinguish the following types:
- Top. Manifests as involuntary flexion of the legs, pulling to the stomach at suspension (lowering) the head down.
- Average. When the pressure on the pubis bend.
- Bottom. When testing reveals a symptom of Kerning on the one hand, with the other leg, bent, pulled up to the stomach.
- Cheek. Clicking on the zygomatic arch rises the shoulders, bend the arms.
Appears almost in 80% of cases. Indicates irritation to the membranes of the brain, and disorders of the Central nervous system. Neck stiffness is determined by the patient in the supine position. When passive flexion of the head occurs, the muscle tension of the neck and occipital. They prevent the bringing chin to chest. Muscle rigidity of the cervical spine often is accompanied by tightening of the muscles of the back and limbs. Also there is a false rigidity in the presence of spondylarthrosis, spondylosis of the cervical spine.
Symptom Of Rossolimo
Finger reflex is caused by finger strokes on the phalanges of 2-5 toes of the patient. The patient’s response is flexion of the foot or in rare cases, lead. Examined the patient in the supine position. The movement can involve all the fingers, or 2 and 5, one large. In healthy individuals the symptoms are absent. Symptom refers to abnormal flexion type, which manifests itself in lesions of the pyramidal path. Second option: the definition of symptom is on the hands of the patient.
In the analysis it is observed the extension of the big toe in the provocation of the medial surface of the tibia. Methods: a large phalanx of the index finger or the doctor with the force carries out a sliding movement from above downwards on the medial surface of the tibia. The norm is flexion of the fingers. When meningitis occurs, the extension of the fingers with a slight turn of the foot. Symptom Oppenheim is similar to the Babinski reflex. The reflex occurs in most lesions of cerebral activity.
Video about meningeal symptoms