An important part of science — social and humanitarian knowledge. What is their specificity? What is the difference between social knowledge from the Humanities?
The content of the article
- Facts about social knowledge
- Facts about the humanitarian knowledge
- The difference between social and humanitarian knowledge
- Comparison table
Facts about social knowledge
Under social refers to knowledge about society, about the processes that occur in it. It may be the interaction of people with each other at the level of solving everyday problems, in business, in politics. Social knowledge is intended to provide a better understanding of this interaction and to facilitate the successful resolution of mentioned issues. This is possible by studying historical facts, carrying out various studies, analysis of social processes.
The main academic disciplines in the social knowledge — sociology, history, political science. In some cases scientists will use tools from other Sciences — such as mathematics (as an option, if the task is to display a particular statistics), Economics (if needed to identify the influence of economic processes on society), geography (for identifying patterns that characterize social processes in certain regions).
The main resources of social knowledge can be considered:
- the event, reflecting the fact that people interact with each other (for example, it may be elections to the authorities, rally, demonstration, procession, conference);
- the process formed by the interaction of people with each other (negotiation, competition, migration).
Using suitable scientific tools the researcher identifies what factors affect the course of certain events and processes and how they can influence the development of society.
to content ↑Facts about the humanitarian knowledge
Under humanitarian refers to knowledge about man as an independent subject of thinking and acting. In most cases they are related to social processes, as people one way or another interact. But the study of communications of the person with other people in the social Sciences is primarily based on personal motives, goals, spiritual values, priorities of participants in the interaction.
The main academic disciplines within the Humanities — philosophy, psychology, linguistics, anthropology. But, of course, a significant amount of historical, political and sociological knowledge, in fact, exploring humanitarian processes.
The main resource of the Humanities can be considered a primary source describing the actions and attitudes of individuals or groups of people. It can be real and can represent, for example, reflected in the quotation documents, public speech, diary, artwork of a particular person or group of people. It can be abstract, expressed in the form of cultural heritage, legal traditions and customs. Through scientific tools for observing what has influenced the formation of this or that original source — real or abstract, and how this may impact on the established scientific approaches to understanding the essence of the actions and motives of man.
to contents ↑the Difference between social and humanitarian knowledge
The main difference between social knowledge from the Humanities in that first study the society and the person. Of course, their object in much the same as modern man in most cases is a part of society. Which, in turn, consists of people.
Social knowledge quite easily combined with humanitarian. Scientific methods that are characteristic of the second direction of science, as a rule, can always be supplemented by concepts peculiar to the scientific field first, and Vice versa. For example, in anthropological research can be considered the facts identified by historians. In political science, in turn, to study trends in socio-political processes may require knowledge from the fields of psychology, linguistics.
Defining the difference between social and humanitarian knowledge, we x the conclusions in the table.
to content ↑Comparative table
Knowledge of social
Knowledge of humanitarian
What is common between them?
Social knowledge can be complemented by the Humanities — and Vice versa
Scientific methods that characterize social knowledge, can be used to investigate various objects in the Humanities — and Vice versa
What is the difference between them?
Study mainly the society
Study mostly human
Important disciplines — history, political science, sociology
Main disciplines — psychology, linguistics, philosophy, anthropology
The main object of study — the events and processes that reflect the interaction of people with each other
The main object of study of primary sources reflecting human activity as an independent entity