The arrival of summer brings joy trips on the sea, rest. But the danger of overheating in the sun – the so-called heat stroke. Overheating is the result of obstruction of blood flow in the human body (reducing the content of oxygen in the brain), from excessive loss of moisture through perspiration.
Doctors there are four stages of getting heat stroke:
1. When the air temperature reaches 40 degrees. Heat is released through sweat and human breath. The temperature of the human body is not increased, but there is a feeling of fatigue, drowsiness, apathy.
2. When the temperature reaches 50 degrees. Temperature-regulation through sweat and respiration is not happening. The temperature of the human body grows to the level of 38 degrees. Occurs constantly feeling thirsty, dizziness, quickens the pulse.
3. The temperature is above 60 degrees causes overheating of the body, bordering on critical. The body heats up to 40 degrees. Exposure to temperatures above 60 ° C leads to the third degree of overheating. The heart rate really getting up there (110 BPM). The skin of the face, neck, shoulders turning red. The person experiences severe headache, profuse sweating, pounding heavily in his temples.
This degree is accompanied by a sharp disturbance of the nervous system, characterised by rapid breathing, palpitations. The man is unconscious. If you have not had a medical emergency and possible death.
If there is suspicion of heat stroke, you must act instantly. The first thing necessary is to strip the person and to provide him reclined position somewhere in the shadows. You need to provide more fresh air to the victim. If a person fainted in the crowd, transport, you have to make it to the free space. Lying person needs a little to lift the legs (to enclose the cushion). Then soak a handkerchief or any other cloth and put the compress on the head, wet the face. To bring to life a person can ammonia. When the victim comes to himself, he should be allowed to drink cool water.
Particularly exposed to thermal shock children and the elderly. Special attention is required for a small child in the sun. So, if you are on the beach and suddenly the baby began to cry, to complain of a headache or he was bleeding from the nose. Immediately include it in the shade, drink cold water. wet head and be with him in the shadows until his state changes for the best.
In the event any complications immediately to go to the doctor.