Ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder is the main method of survey in such disorders as kidney stones, polyps, cysts etc. In this regard, this kind of procedure may be administered when suspicion of a data breach, which are characterized by:
- pain in the lower back;
- the change in color of urine;
- painful urination;
- the appearance of oedema;
- the increase in blood pressure.
Quite often patients who have this procedure, the question arises, which relates directly to how to prepare for ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder. Let’s try to give the answer, having considered the main features of the manipulation.
How to prepare for the study of the urinary system?
First of all it must be said that the conduct of this study precedes the preparation — a diet that before ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder is an integral part.
Thus, during the 3 days preceding the examination, the woman should completely exclude from your diet spicy, fried and fatty foods, and refrain from eating candy, cabbage, legumes. The last meal should be not later than 8 hours before the scheduled time of the study.
Some doctors recommend just a 1-1,5 hours after the last meal to drink activated charcoal (1 tablet/10 kg body weight). This drug allows to remove from the bowel of accumulated gases, which allows better visualization of the kidneys themselves during the ultrasound examination.
About an hour prior to the examination you should drink half a liter of plain water without gas. After that, you cannot go to the toilet. The thing is that an ultrasound is always performed with full bladder, which allows you to better explore its contours and to estimate the size.
As for the duration of the study itself, then, as a rule, it is rarely more than 20-30 minutes.
How is the interpretation of results ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder?
First of all, it must be said that to draw any conclusions on the basis received after the study data, can only the doctor — only he knows all the peculiarities of the violation, its severity.
If we talk about the fact that the show held ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder, as a rule, this manipulation allows to assess not only the severity of the violation, the site of the affected organ, but also the stage of the pathological process, if such is the case.
A conclusion conducted with the help of ultrasound examination of the urinary system, contains information such as:
- sizes, form of kidneys;
- the condition of the renal pelvis, renal tubules;
- patency of the ureters, their size and length;
- the volume of the bladder, its shape, the thickness of the walls.
Ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder in children at an early age allows to detect possible congenital malformations (anomalies of renal vessels anomalies of the vessels, anomalies of size, shape, number and location of the kidneys). Based on the obtained data can be assigned to both conservative and radical medical interventions.
Thus, we can say that this kind of instrumental study, as ultrasound of the kidneys, bladder and urinary system in General, allows not only to establish the violations, but also to establish developmental abnormalities. It provides the ability to accurately identify the localization and prevalence of pathological process, the degree and form of abuse, which in turn contributes to making the right treatment algorithm.